5 There is one Lord and one faith and one baptism. Wherefore--From the general character of "the new man," there will necessarily result the particular features which he now details. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Corruption and destruction are inseparably associated together. Such a thing defies common sense, not to mention the whole of scripture, the very notion of a temple, the Trinity, and the character of God Himself. And they miss the nature of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. This is the beginning point of their misery ( Acts 17:30 , Romans 1:21 Romans 1:23 Romans 1:28 , 1 Peter 1:14 ). This chapter is a part of Paul's exhortation, with the particular section about the … Ephesians also contains two of the most memorable passages in the New Testament: the doctrine that salvation comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ, and the metaphor of the Full Armor of God . "Let the stealing person steal no more." Traditionally, it is believed to have been written by Apostle Paul while he was in prison in Rome, but more recently, it has been suggested that it was written between AD 80 and 100 by another writer using Paul's name and style. Elaine Maxine Howell on Ephesians 4 It s difficult to minister to others, when you are not spiritually feeding nor standing firmly on the foundation of God s Word. There is yet to be a Church, not merely potentially, but actually catholic or world-wide; then the Church and the world will be co-extensive. I disagree with the pastor on some things – so it’s time to find a new pastor; 9. More literally, "Being darkened in their understanding," that is, their intelligence, or perceptions (compare Ephesians 5:8 , Acts 26:18 , 1 Thessalonians 5:4 1 Thessalonians 5:5 ). 2 Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love. 24. put on the new man--Opposed to "the old man," which is to be "put off" ( Ephesians 4:22 ). doctrine--"teaching." God gave them up to it, but not against their will; for they give themselves up to it [ZANCHIUS]. Their giving themselves to it was punished in kind, God giving them up to it by withdrawing His preventing grace; their sin thus was made their punishment. 4. Compare Romans 15:2 , "Let every one . In the Psalm, the captive foes of David. Acts 2:27 Acts 2:28 , and Romans 10:7 , favor the view of the reference being simply to His descent to Hades. other--Greek, "the rest of the Gentiles." So JONA, "Let not night and anger against anyone sleep with you, but go and conciliate the other party, though he have been the first to commit the offense." ( Colossians 2:19 ). Rome falls into inextricable error by setting up a mere man as a visible head, antedating that consummation which Christ, the true visible Head, at His appearing shall first realize. God has called you to come to him. The Spirit is represented as itself the seal ( Ephesians 1:13 , for the image employed, is the element IN which the believer is sealed, His gracious influences being the seal itself. | 19. past feeling--senseless, shameless, hopeless; the ultimate result of a long process of "hardening," or habit of sin ( Ephesians 4:18 ). These include doctrines of the Trinity, of election, of reconciliation, and of the authority and headship of Christ; also the doctrines of salvation by grace through faith, sanctification, unification, and the Church. The sense is not, Your anger shall not be imputed to you if you put it away before nightfall; but "let no wrath (that is, as the Greek, personal 'irritation' or 'exasperation') mingle with your 'anger,' even though, the latter be righteous, [TRENCH, Greek Synonyms of the New Testament]. For a brief time at the end of his second missionary journey, and then for more than two years on his third missionary journey, Ephesians 4:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 4:20, NIV: "That, however, is not the way of life you learned" Ephesians 4:20, ESV: "But that is not the way you learned Christ!—" Ephesians 4:20, KJV: "But ye have not so learned Christ;" Ephesians 4:20, NASB: "But you did not learn Christ in this way," Ephesians 4:20, NLT: "But that isn't what you learned about Christ." Thus indignation at dishonor done to God, and wrong to man, is justifiable anger. taught by him--Greek, "taught IN HIM," that is, being in vital union with Him ( Romans 16:7 ). 28. Paul’s Recap - Let’s test our observations from chapters 1-3. I go to church so my kids will hopefully stay off drugs. 30. grieve not--A condescension to human modes of thought most touching. United in Christ the King – Fourth, Paul bases his call to Christian unity and community upon the absolute headship of Christ over all who are in Christ, because God, “…according to the working of his great might that he worked in Christ when he raised him from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come …put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all” (Eph. This, it is true, is partly fulfilled in Christians being an "habitation of God through the Spirit" ( Ephesians 2:22 ). tossed to and fro--inwardly, even without wind; like billows of the sea. let him labour--Theft and idleness go together. Truth is the first thing: those who reach it, will at last reach unity, because truth is one; while those who seek unity as the first thing, may purchase it at the sacrifice of truth, and so of the soul itself. putting away--Greek, "having put away" once for all. As the apostles, prophets, and evangelists were special and extraordinary ministers, so "pastors and teachers" are the ordinary stated ministers of a particular flock, including, probably, the bishops, presbyters, and deacons. 7 But unto every one of us is given a grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. stature, &c.--The standard of spiritual "stature" is "the fulness of Christ," that is, which Christ has ( Ephesians 1:23 , 3:19 ; compare Galatians 4:19 ); that the body should be worthy of the Head, the perfect Christ. 3 Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace. You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post. 29. corrupt--literally, "insipid," without "the salt of grace" ( Colossians 4:6 ), so worthless and then becoming corrupt: included in "foolish talking" ( Ephesians 5:4 ). The thief, when repentant, should labor more than he would be called on to do, if he had never stolen. Compare with the list here, 1 Corinthians 12:10 1 Corinthians 12:28 . 4 I, therefore, the prisoner  of the Lord,  beseech you to () walk worthy of the calling with which you were called, 2 with all lowliness and gentleness, with longsuffering, bearing with one another in love, 3 endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit () in the bond of peace. 1:4-5). because of--"on account of." In the apostle's creed, the article as to THE CHURCH properly follows that as to THE HOLY GHOST. Ephesians 4 is the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Ephesians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Should circumstances arise to call for anger on your part, let it be as Christ's "anger" ( Mark 3:5 ), without sin. In the parallel ( Colossians 3:10 ) it is, "renewed in knowledge after the image," &c. As at Colosse the danger was from false pretenders to knowledge, the true "knowledge" which flows from renewal of the heart is dwelt on; so at Ephesus, the danger being from the corrupt morals prevalent around, the renewal in "holiness," contrasted with the Gentile "uncleanness" ( Ephesians 4:19 ), and "righteousness," in contrast to "greediness," is made prominent. maketh increase--Translate, as the Greek is the same as Ephesians 4:15 , "maketh (carrieth on) the growth of the body.". 21. the head--( Ephesians 1:22 ). "Spiritual life in believers is kindled from the life itself of God" [BENGEL]. Thus the Trinity is again set forth. All rights reserved. edifying--that is, building up as the temple of the Holy Ghost. There is one hope in which you were called. 32. minister--Greek, "give." Not the Lord's Supper, which is an act of matured communion on the part of those already incorporate, "a symbol of union, not of unity" [ELLICOTT]. ALFORD expresses the Greek order, "Until we arrive all of us at the unity," &c. faith and . 1. As "lowliness and meekness" answer to "forbearing one another in love" (compare "love," Ephesians 4:15 Ephesians 4:16 ), so "long-suffering" answers to ( Ephesians 4:4 ) "endeavoring (Greek, 'earnestly' or 'zealously giving diligence') to keep (maintain) the unity of the Spirit (the unity between men of different tempers, which flows from the presence of the Spirit, who is Himself 'one,' Ephesians 4:4 ) in (united in) the bond of peace" (the "bond" by which "peace" is maintained, namely, "love," Colossians 3:14 Colossians 3:15 [BENGEL]; or, "peace" itself is the "bond" meant, uniting the members of the Church [ALFORD]). We are here warned against corrupt communication; and directed to that which is useful and edifying, v. 29 . "Baptism" is specified, being the sacrament whereby we are incorporated into the "one body." The Holy Spirit, as the common higher principle of life ( Ephesians 2:18 Ephesians 2:22 ), gives to the Church its true unity. sleight--literally, "dice playing." Translate, "To the end that"; the aim of the bestowal of gifts stated negatively, as in Ephesians 4:13 it is stated positively. No, on the contrary, the Great Commission is to be engaged and carried out by THE CHURCH, and that absolutely requires unity and community of purpose, commitment, growth, and united life in Christ. The root of it is departure from the knowledge of the true God ( Ephesians 4:18 Ephesians 4:19 , Romans 1:21 , 1 Thessalonians 4:5 ). Sure I belong to a church – I go at least once or twice a month, don’t I? Our Price: $26.99. lower parts of the earth--The antithesis or contrast to "far above all heavens," is the argument of ALFORD and others, to show that this phrase means more than simply the earth, namely, the regions beneath it, even as He ascended not merely to the visible heavens, but "far above" them. But its unity is as yet not visible, even as the Head is not visible; but it shall appear when He shall appear ( John 17:21-23 , Colossians 3:4 ). Such are meant by those called "thieves" in the New Testament. The evangelist founded the Church; the teacher built it up in the faith already received. How then can we ever justify acting as though we are mere acquaintances, or mere Sunday morning colleagues? in the vanity, &c.--as their element: opposed to "in the Lord." This letter, along with Paul’s letter to the Colossians was delivered by Paul’s faithful fellow-servant, Tychicus. What the world counted ignominy, he counts the highest honor, and he glories in his bonds for Christ, more than a king in his diadem [THEODORET]. Translate, according to the Greek order, "I beseech you, therefore (seeing that such is your calling of grace, the first through third chapters) I the prisoner in the Lord (that is, imprisoned in the Lord's cause)." of men--contrasted with Christ ( Ephesians 4:13 ). For--with a view to; the ultimate aim. That the "pastors" here were the bishops and presbyters of the Church, is evident from Acts 20:28 , 1 Peter 5:1 1 Peter 5:2 , where the bishops' and presbyters' office is said to be "to feed" the flock. Meanwhile the rule is, "In essentials, unity; in doubtful questions, liberty; in all things, charity." We might call such statements and attitudes “pathetic.” Paul certainly would have. - As another test of how we are thinking and living, in light of all the above observations, and after reading Ephesians chapter 4, how might we evaluate each of the following propositions? Now that we have arrived here, let’s take a sounding and make sure we have appropriate context for reading ahead through the letter. 4 There is one body z and one Spirit, a just as you were called to one hope when you were called b; 5 one Lord, c one faith, one baptism; 6 one God and Father of all, d who is over all and through all and in all. How will the temple of the Spirit divide itself up into separate, independent units? Ephesians 4 - NIV: As a prisoner for the Lord, then, I urge you to live a life worthy of the calling you have received. Where there is spiritual "life" ("the life of God") there is feeling; where there is not, there is "hardness.". Each Christian, therefore, is part of a single, universal family of believers in Jesus Christ. To the Trinity naturally is annexed the Church, as the house to its tenant, to God His temple, the state to its founder [AUGUSTINE, Enchiridion, c. 15]. - Ephesians 4:32. There is more real unity where both go to heaven under different names than when with the same name one goes to heaven, the other to hell. Church is optional, the most important thing is that I have Christ in my heart; 2. through all--by means of Christ "who filleth all things" ( Ephesians 4:10 , Ephesians 2:20 Ephesians 2:21 ), and is "a propitiation" for all men ( 1 John 2:2 ). Paul stops short in the middle of the verse, and does not quote "that the Lord God might dwell among them." However, all we surely know is, that His soul at death descended to Hades, that is, underwent the ordinary condition of departed spirits of men. Ephesians 3 is the third chapter of the Epistle to the Ephesians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.Traditionally, it is believed to have been written by Apostle Paul while he was in prison in Rome (around AD 62), but more recently it has been suggested that it was written between AD 80 and 100 by another . 6. above--"over all." New International Version. 2 Always be humble and gentle. The Greek here (kainon) is different from that for "re-new-ed" ( Ephesians 4:23 ). And just like any walk is made up of individual steps, Paul is giving us several steps to Walk in Unity with one another. They gave themselves up of their own accord to the slavery of their lust, to do all its pleasure, as captives who have ceased to strive with the foe. Him is emphatic. He who has stolen should exercise liberality beyond the restitution of what he has taken. "Bitterness" begets "wrath"; "wrath," "anger"; "anger," "clamor"; and "clamor," the more chronic "evil-speaking," slander, insinuations, and surmises of evil. The prophet derived all from the Spirit; the evangelist, in the special case of the Four, recorded matter of fact, cognizable to the senses, under the Spirit's guidance. On what principles (doctrines, indicatives, truths about God) from chapters 1-3 does Paul base his emphasis and instructions concerning the unity and community of believers? as the truth is in Jesus--Translate in connection with "taught"; "And in Him have been taught, according as is truth in Jesus." Similarly "faith" and "baptism" (the sacramental seal of faith) are connected ( 16:16 , Colossians 2:12 ). As "faith" is mentioned, Ephesians 4:5 , so "hope" here, and "love," Ephesians 4:2 . 4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; 5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. Ephesians 1 is the first chapter of the Epistle to the Ephesians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.Traditionally, it is believed to have been written by Apostle Paul while he was in prison in Rome (around AD 62), but more recently, it has been suggested that it was written between AD 80 and 100 by another writer using Paul's name and style. Vincent's Word Studies. by--Greek, "in"; expressing "the evil atmosphere in which the varying currents of doctrine exert their force" [ELLICOTT]. Instead of privileged classes, as the Jews under the law, a unity of dispensation was henceforth to be the common privilege of Jew and Gentile alike. Let not your "anger" at another's wickedness verge into hatred, or contempt, or revenge [VATABLUS]. anger--lasting resentment: opposed to "forgiving one another." Retail: $44.99. United through Salvation by Grace – Fifth, but certainly not fifth in importance, Paul calls believers to unity and to community in the wonderful light of our having been chosen for salvation by grace through faith, and of our having been prepared ahead of time for good works that we are to walk in. What is Paul teaching here? Wilful ignorance in the first instance, their fathers not "choosing to retain God in their knowledge." 31. bitterness--both of spirit and of speech: opposed to "kind." use of edifying--literally, "for edifying of the need," that is, for edifying where it is needed. . 3. Even words good in themselves must be introduced seasonably lest by our fault they prove injurious instead of useful. It cost God the death of His Son, as man, to forgive us. ( Ephesians 4:14 ). Paul moves now from these doctrines to a series of unity-rich and community-laden imperatives (instructions). 3 Try your best to let God's Spirit keep your hearts united. Translate, "Unto each one of us was the grace (which was bestowed by Christ at His ascension, Ephesians 4:8 ) given according to," &c. the measure--the amount "of the gift of Christ" ( Romans 12:3 Romans 12:6 ). The term, "shepherd" or "pastor," is used of guiding and governing and not merely instructing, whence it is applied to kings, rather than prophets or priests ( Ezekiel 34:23 , Jeremiah 23:4 ). Ephesians 4 New International Version (NIV) Unity and Maturity in the Body of Christ. Simply take a look at Ephesians 4:1-7, and see if you can spot all seven of the above described “indicatives.” This passage (4:1-7), is in fact Paul’s recap or transitional summary of the principles (indicatives) of chapters 1-3, and he will use this in moving on to the imperatives that follow. 20. learned Christ--( Philippians 3:10 ). "It is HE that gave," &c. gave some, apostles--Translate, "some to be apostles, and some to be prophets," &c. The men who filled the office, no less than the office itself, were a divine gift [EADIE]. The hope of our calling (Ephesians 4:4) is the hope which those called by God to serve Him may cherish. As a conqueror distributes in token of his triumph the spoils of foes as gifts among his people. (See the Book of Revelation.) God Himself has seen fit to make of us (collectively, together, not individually) a temple of the Holy Spirit! Being a “church family” is a reflection of that greater truth; it is not merely a statement that we have joined some local organization with a cross on the wall. knowledge--Full unity of faith is then found, when all alike thoroughly know Christ, the object of faith, and that in His highest dignity as "the Son of God" [DE WETTE] ( Ephesians 3:17 Ephesians 3:19 , 2 Peter 1:5 ). 18. As the "SPIRIT" is mentioned here, so the "LORD" (Jesus), Ephesians 4:5 , and "GOD the Father," Ephesians 4:6 . In contrast to "the holiness of the truth," Ephesians 4:24 , and "truth in Jesus," Ephesians 4:21 ; and answering to Gentile "vanity," Ephesians 4:17 . The "one God over all" (in His sovereignty and by His grace) is the grand source and crowning apex of unity ( Ephesians 2:19 , end). 2 Do not think that you are better than other people. Exactly how is he building imperatives upon the principles presented in chapters 1-3? 6 There is one God. It is the Father "BY" whom believers, as well as the Son Himself, were sealed ( John 6:27 ). It belongs to the brethren alone, and proceeds entirely from God (1 Corinthians 1:26). That is what our being chosen and our predestination as sons and daughters is all about! So the Greek. let not the sun go down upon your wrath--"wrath" is absolutely forbidden; "anger" not so, though, like poison sometimes used as medicine, it is to be used with extreme caution. with his hands--in contrast with his former thievish use of his hands. Yes, some of us have done that, but it doesn’t begin or end there. A different Greek word (anakainousthai) implies "renewal from the old state." Ephesians 4-6: Self-Assessment, Confession, and the Gospel ». Not "perfect men"; for the many members constitute but one Church joined to the one Christ. "Jesus," in Ephesians 4:21 , as the person. The office of the ministry is stated in this verse. Think of it! Let love keep you from doing that. e 7 But to each one of us f grace g has been given h as Christ apportioned it. Spirit is not in this sense attributed to the unregenerate ( 1 Thessalonians 5:23 ). the ministry--Greek, "ministration"; without the article.
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